Vulnerability is a concept that is often used yet rarely systematically explained or rigorously investigated in practice and just 40 documents were found to contain actual substantiated vulnerability insights with a focus on vulnerable groups.

A total of 137 substantiated vulnerability insights were identified and the most vulnerable groups identified were displaced people, women, children, families, farmers and victims from other emergencies. 75% of all risks identified were emerging during the recovery process, and half of these relate to aid delivery.

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See also the working paper from 2008 Vulnerability in the context of post 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami recovery: Lessons for building more resilient coastal communities