Social equality and poverty are often overlooked in water resources planning and modelling, as addressing them adds complexity to an already complex process.

This paper describes poverty-related indicators that were developed in SEI’s Water Evaluation And Planning (WEAP) tool, using a a multidimensional poverty analysis (MDPA) from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.

Researchers focused on the watershed of Campoalegre, Colombia, working with the area’s main environmental institutions to support their planning under increasing uncertainties regarding population growth and climate change.

This working paper contains a description of the water resources challenges of the Campoalegre watershed, provides an overview of the MDPA framework, and describes the WEAP results on access and poverty related to urban and agricultural water demands. It then examines one of the key aspects of the
armed conflict in Colombia – unequal land distribution – and its impacts on the household income and poverty levels of coffee growers.