The authors synthesize 10 topics within climate research where there have been significant advances or emerging scientific consensus since January 2021.

The selection of these insights was based on input from an international open call with broad disciplinary scope. Findings concern:

  1. new aspects of soft and hard limits to adaptation;
  2. the emergence of regional vulnerability hotpots from climate impacts and human vulnerability;
  3. new threats on the climate-health horizon – some involving plants and animals;
  4. climate (im)mobility and the need for anticipatory action;
  5. security and climate;
  6. sustainable land management as a prerequisite to land-based solutions;
  7. sustainable finance practices in the private sector and the need for political guidance;
  8. the urgent planetary imperative for addressing losses and damages;
  9. inclusive societal choices for climate-resilient development;
  10. how to overcome barriers to accelerate mitigation and limit global warming to below 2°C.

Aaron Maltais, SEI Senior Research Fellow and Director of Stockholm Sustainable Finance Centre, contributed to the seventh insight on finance – highlighting sustainable finance practices in the private sector and the need for political guidance.