Skip navigation
Journal article

Role of environmental awareness in implementing farmland conservation measures

This article finds that Estonian farmers mostly apply land management measures that are related to soil fertility and that the farmers are more concerned about soil fertility than the wider impact on nature. The farmers with high levels of environmental concern use agri-environmental measures more.

Helen Poltimäe, Kaja Peterson / Published on 31 August 2021

Read the paper  Closed access


Poltimäe, H. and Peterson, K. (2021). Role of environmental awareness in implementing farmland conservation measures. Journal of Rural Studies, 87, 58−66.

Agri-environmental measures are applied on 80% of the farmland in Estonia. Nonetheless, as an Eastern European country, the history of intensification is shorter than in Western Europe and yield gaps mean that the pressure for intensification is still high. There are various land management measures that can relieve pressure on the environment, but the factors that trigger the adoption of such changes is unclear.

This study analyses survey data on Estonian farmers. It concludes that farmers are more concerned about soil fertility issues than with wider environmental issues. By analysing the implementation of various farmland management measures, we conclude that general environmental awareness is playing a crucial role in the adoption, specifically these where link to private benefits is not so straightforward, i.e. biodiversity issues.

Raising environmental awareness about land management measures that are beneficial for biodiversity deserves more attention by the policy makers and relevant agencies. The farmers who regard environmental issues as more important are also the ones who are more likely to implement environmentally beneficial land management measures.

Read the paper

Closed access

SEI authors

Helen Poltimäe

Senior Expert (Climate Systems and Energy Policy Unit)

SEI Tallinn

Read the paper
Read the article Closed access
Topics and subtopics
Land : Food and agriculture
Related centres
SEI Tallinn

Design and development by Soapbox.